June 10, 2023

Between at least the sixth through the thirteenth centuries CE, the Ghana Empire thrived in West Africa. The Ghana Empire was situated in the western Sudan savannah region (today southern Mauritania and Mali), which is sandwiched between the Sahara desert to the north and the rainforests to the south, and was not geographically connected to the contemporary state of Ghana.

The wealth of iron, copper, gold, and ivory, as well as easy access to the Niger and Senegal Rivers and their tributaries, made trade within the Ghana Empire possible. The Ghanaian monarchs, who lived in the capital city of Koumbi Saleh, amassed enormous wealth by amassing stocks of the gold nuggets that were only legal for them to own. As a result, Ghana’s fame was extended throughout North Africa and Europe, where it was described as

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